Long-Haul Motorcycle Touring - Tips for Staying Awake

  Peržiūros 423,802


Prieš 6 mėnesių

There has been an alarming rise in the number of big cruisers involved in motorcycle crashes. Big distance brings bigger fatigue but there are ways to minimize your risk of succumbing to the zzzs.
Pinlock Earplugs : frt9.co/40b0ti
Hydration Packs : frt9.co/3850zb
Cardo Freecom 4 : frt9.co/mb1uxm
Crampbuster Cruise Assist : frt9.co/yh8m28

Cinematographer & Editor : Aneesh Shivanekar(findaneesh.com)

Gear up for your next adventure at fortnine.ca:

Connect with us:

Mike Ogden
Mike Ogden Prieš 10 val
Meth helps lol
Mike Ogden
Mike Ogden Prieš 10 val
Not many times I’ve fought sleep on My bike
TacticalTorc Prieš dieną
Can’t drink water fast enough? Nah, three bags of saline in the tour pack direct into the bloodstream lol
Keith Queen
Keith Queen Prieš dieną
As a truck driver two things helped sunflower seeds and 5 hr energy when I really needed help.👍
Nobody Knows
Nobody Knows Prieš 2 dienas
My issue with long rides is daydreaming not staying awake but staying alert to road conditions.
ریال Prieš 3 dienas
Pratyush Sharma
Pratyush Sharma Prieš 4 dienas
This problem doesn’t occur in India, because if you lose concentration for a split second, you are dying. So we never get to be too comfy to reach this situation. 😛
Pierre de Cœur
Pierre de Cœur Prieš 4 dienas
I love your videos and I think that, despite your young age, you are very wise and give very good advice, but I'm an old fart who still does more than 24 hours iron butt runs close to 70 and here I must stop you: If you need tips to stay awake, don't ride and, if you're riding, stop at once!
Mad Mike
Mad Mike Prieš 4 dienas
I also try finding some songs that I can sing when I'm really tired. That usually wakes me up
Snoop -a-loop
Snoop -a-loop Prieš 4 dienas
Watching “pawn stars”... I see what you did there.
Tom Young
Tom Young Prieš 5 dienų
Yep, my mistakes are usually always near end of day close to motel for night
Richard Flanagan
Richard Flanagan Prieš 5 dienų
Tips for staying awake .. lol .. now we know why cars are continually killing people . I find the faster I ride .. 100km+ the more unstable my bike becomes to wind gust
rob campbell
rob campbell Prieš 7 dienų
EZ tip that helps...chew gum.
Skeeter Saurus
Skeeter Saurus Prieš 8 dienų
The GREATEST 'hypnosis-inducing, wreck-causing' thing which causes wrecks on 'long hauls' is the distance, itself! I found this out over four decades ago. You see, the 'gold standard' for a large street bike in the 70's was a '5-gallon fuel tank'...it was considered 'expected'. The problem is, if you are getting over 40-mpg, you're now sitting on 3, 4 maybe even 5-hours of fuel...and you don't have that much 'attention' to spare. Quickly you realize that hypnosis starts getting pretty bad after 2-hours of driving without a stop! So...I adapted my driving, night-or-day, to use the '100-mile or 2-hour' rule...at this point, I expected to either be STOPPED (gas station, restaurant or just a pull-over rest stop), or looking HARD for one! As a result, I would break my trips (regardless of total trip distance) like this. Then, to my surprise, I talked with a commercial trucker one day, and he informed me that Federal Law required them to stop and take a break every 3-hours...TO PREVENT HYPNOSIS-CAUSED WRECKS! Interesting...the Feds knew what I had figured out...and that didn't make this video. KEEP BIKE RIDING 'trip-legs' to 2-hours, max, without a 'stretch and break', if you want to avoid the hypnosis!
Davey Smith
Davey Smith Prieš 8 dienų
In the old days I always got dehydration on long rides, it might be because I stopped at all the bars.💣🍻🍔
Rizki Fajri
Rizki Fajri Prieš 10 dienų
This why i do cocaine before long tour
Hhuo Dod
Hhuo Dod Prieš 10 dienų
When you tour on a grom, the chance of you going to sleep is zero.
Армянин Из Нью-Йорка
Армянин Из Нью-Йорка Prieš 12 dienų
Video about Motorcycle Race Suits please and thanks
Christopher Cianci
Christopher Cianci Prieš 13 dienų
I do the stretches on all long rides and I add in a version of the kegal that I teach my low back pain patients.
Sara Ewen
Sara Ewen Prieš 15 dienų
Glad to find this video. Hubby and I are getting back into riding and have a couple bigger rides planned.
Sarthak Sonawane
Sarthak Sonawane Prieš 15 dienų
Glad that I subbed long ago!
Covert Garage
Covert Garage Prieš 15 dienų
I agree with you and welcome to my channel about cars
William Reymond
William Reymond Prieš 15 dienų
3:15] Did you know you can do *Yoga!* on your motorcycle? - Oh, dear, that really is a Beemer. - Oh, dear, that means this person cannot be reasoned with, he knows everything already. But, the evidence is actually pretty clear, ride more than six to eight hours a day and the risks start to exponentiate. Remember my comment from ten seconds into this video? If you could redraw that graph showing accidents plotted by: hours-on-road, you might expect to find an 'up tick' in the curve after the six to eight hour mark? Makes, my point.
William Reymond
William Reymond Prieš 15 dienų
Oh no, I'm going to say it. You see a ten hour rider day as a technical problem to be solved with better ear plugs and a better audio program - and some better rider apparel.
William Reymond
William Reymond Prieš 15 dienų
1:20]. Now, I'm a little pissed. It is not simply a matter of being 'alert' [what ever that means physiologically] but being *responsive.*. You notice something, but can you react? psychologically, physiologically???
William Reymond
William Reymond Prieš 15 dienų
1;15]. Ok, the problem starts to become apparent. "Say you are planning a ten hour ride." You are planning to die. Just suck that one up. If you had not noticed, motorcycles are 'ridden' and automobiles are 'driven.' Riding a motorcycle is alway athletic, driving a car is not in the same category - don't compare. What keeps a motorcycle upright, on track, and on course is more than an order of magnitude more complex than driving a car. Never treat them as if the are the same. [dummy] There are self-driving cars out there today [so they say] but there are no self-driving motorcycles. Of all the variables that can kill you as a motorcycle rider, 'rider fatigue' is right up there - and *the easiest to plan around.* *Don't plan to ride ten hours a day,* just don't, it is stupid; you did it, I did, it was stupid when both of us did it. Don't do it.
William Reymond
William Reymond Prieš 15 dienų
00:10] There *a lot* of variables that need to be controlled scientifically [meaning statistically] before before the chart shown here makes much sense. Maybe those figures already have the appropriate statistical controls in place, but it's still worthwhile considering what some of the variables that might cloud the equation might be, for instance: sale and or population of riders increasing or decreasing in certain categories of motorcycles over the study time period; age of rider; sex of rider; miles ridden per accident, hours ridden per accident, weather, time of day, alcohol or drug involvement [could be blood pressure medicine] - other 'soft' or social factors... Scientifically, meaning statistically controlling for all of those variables is extraordinarily difficult. Ever do a regression analysis with twelve significant variables to control??? You probably cannot technically [meaning mathematically] and still have a 'statistically meaningful' result at the end. It isn't that you are stupid, it's not that the math doesn't do what you want you just have too many variables. If you are a scientist you have to find a way to get some of those variables out of your sample population. Which means you have to start looking at older guys who ride Goldwings, ride a cafe racer Fridays, and also ride superstock at the track on the weekends - a rare bear in other words, then your problem becomes the thinness of your sample population - rinse again, repeat.
Klas Peppar
Klas Peppar Prieš 15 dienų
I find this the advice in this video good for us car guys too. Especially those who drive those old Mercedes A-classes as those have a tendency to fall over......
Old Man Jim
Old Man Jim Prieš 16 dienų
Definitely investing in some of those ear plugs. I have a hydration system, and use it on 200+ trips. Though I have true cruise control, I will still invest in a throttle boss, had my speedo cable lock up on a long trip before. One tipI use for myself, is I have a set riding playlist of songs I know well, and sing along. It seems silly (and yes, it is) but it helps me. While I can do 3 or 4 hours at first in my cage, my absolute max on the bike is 2, stopping to walk around, hit the bathroom even if I don't think I need to, and if it's a nice area, enjoy the scenery.
177inthe70s Phila
177inthe70s Phila Prieš 17 dienų
I enjoy small carrots in my tank bag that I can slide out of the zip lock bag and slide up under my full face and eat without biting my cheeks when I'm not 100% alert and not much caffiene, sometimes none. Sometimes tea at the diner in the late morning after riding a bunch and maybe a Dr Pepper or coke with gas fill-up around 2-4pm.
Abdur Raashid
Abdur Raashid Prieš 18 dienų
This dude dissed K-pop, mad respect
Adam King
Adam King Prieš 20 dienų
I did this my last trip. Started going at 8am every day, stopping at 15-16pm. Gave me time to find a awesome camping spot and settle down, in a whole a more wholesome trip than i ever had before.
Chris Scharfenberger
Chris Scharfenberger Prieš 21 dieną
If you fall asleep on a bike it's probably just time for a new hobby...
nauroticdax Prieš 23 dienas
One of the best tips my dad ever gave me and it applies to cars and bikes: 100 -125miles 15 minute break every time and you must walk in this break don't just sit on the bike or in the car walk around the truck stop or services or wherever you stopped even if you don't feel tired or thirsty or hungry or like you need the bathroom because when you see it you'll suddenly want any of the 4 and 15 minutes minimum will set you up for the next 100 - 125miles. I've used this on multiple 400+ mile rides/drives and honestly I barely even feel it regardless of time of day. Also if you're alone (or wearing a helmet) listen to music and sing with it, sure keeps me going.
TS50ER Prieš 25 dienų
Amphetamine Sulfate
CoolWhip Prieš mėn
A very good video, but I think you should have also put more emphasis on stopping and walking around a bit. Include it when you talk about the importance of drinking lots of water; it will make you have to stop to relieve your self more frequently.
James Nadua
James Nadua Prieš mėn
Wow. This video is really awesome. :O
Chao A Hazarika
Chao A Hazarika Prieš mėn
Ooof that kpop diss 2:40
Rez Prieš mėn
well you can monkey around on top of the bike or take15min break at least every 2hrs
Jack Austin
Jack Austin Prieš mėn
My uncle always told me theres no such thing as a fast safe long haul trip. For every hour on you need to spend 15 minutes off. 2 hours on the bike? 30 minute break and stretch.
Galego paunes
Galego paunes Prieš mėn
kpop for sure is damaging
Kaiser Knapp
Kaiser Knapp Prieš mėn
On par with the fake oner from kingsman
H M Bhat
H M Bhat Prieš mėn
I still do touring of 500km a day, in 10hrs, on my small capacity 110cc bike. 2018 model TVS Victor Premium Edition. Yes! 110cc.😄 With years of experience with it, only thing matters is seat comfort. I mean, seat is comfortable, but after 400kms, butt & back starts to hurt a bit. Kinda feel like getting out of bike every 15 mins. 😬 With all these riding experience, I got to know power, speed, "big bike" doesn't really matter a much. Everyone cruises at around 100kmph on any given highway. That's a sane thing. And cruise at in & around 85kmph. It's only a matter of moment when u want to hit top speed. 😅 And with that I could still keep up the pace with medium & big bikes like 200cc to 500cc capacity bikes (if they also cruise sanely). And the biggest advantage of my bike is, The Gas Mileage. 🙌🏼 No matter what speed I do, on average I do get 65kmpl mileage. 😃
Akhil Sharma
Akhil Sharma Prieš mėn
These videos are really well researched
Kramadri Prieš mėn
I feel like losing focus on very light traffic after 1 hour break after 3 hours ride before i go back for another 3 hours but my losing focus is only on very slow moving like my mind drifter somewhere else... I really need some music
servicarrider Prieš mėn
What a bright, capable and creative young man. An incredible and purely fascinating motorcycle channel. Think about he possibilities. I am sure that his poor parents must be terribly disappointed. Ain't that the way of the world? Keep up the good work, Ryan. It's not like they are ever going to stop loving you.
Larry Byvik
Larry Byvik Prieš mėn
11 years of driving across the US and Canada every summer. 2006 BMW GS. (I was a teacher) 800-1100 mile days were typical when I just needed to get across.....F@#king Kansas! To stay alert I avoided caffein, sugars and overeating. LOTS of water, fruits and simple proteins. I use a 2 liter camelbak beneath my aerostich suit. I fill it with Ice a fuel stops. I maintain electrolytes. (bags of chips and jerky's work great). LOTS of Stretching while riding and at fuel stops. There are other little things I do as well....but this covers the basics.
Uts9000 Prieš mėn
Again, I learned something new and no blatant advert. Thanks
Paul Altegoer
Paul Altegoer Prieš mėn
I travel through Germany and Europe on a 1958 50cc Moped with only 40kmh/ 25m/h and I had tough times even staying alive with my booty 😂
Dan Manthe
Dan Manthe Prieš mėn
Glad I saw this video before attempting a Saddlesore 1k...
rian ritzen
rian ritzen Prieš 2 mėnesius
I did 550km on one day with a GS 650, it was horrible haha
Allan Welsh
Allan Welsh Prieš 2 mėnesius
UK riders need not watch this vid. USA riders mostly should 😂😂🇬🇧🇬🇧
Big Brother
Big Brother Prieš 2 mėnesius
A month after getting my car license in june 2020 I went on a trip from northern Germany to Greece with my 50cc scooter. I learned all those things mentioned in the video (and many more things) on my own during that trip. Wasn't as safe as practicing in a parking lot, but totally worth it :)
Tom Everett
Tom Everett Prieš 2 mėnesius
I find generally that terror and the fear of pain from crashing keep me awake on the road.
AndySpitz Prieš 2 mėnesius
You just killed my audiobooks. Thanks.
Richard Prieš 2 mėnesius
Fortnine’s video have probably saved more lives than 30 years of government sponsored videos. I’m not saying government videos are terrible, I’m saying Fortnine’s quality is extremely top notch. Plus I’m pretty damn sure Ryan or someone there is a professional Hollywood film editor because these videos flow better than a brand new ECU controlled Honda fuel pump 👏🏽
Rockbreaker Prieš 2 mėnesius
A 15 minute power nap on the side of the road has been a life saver for me...
Silver Phoenix
Silver Phoenix Prieš 2 mėnesius
this reminds me of the structure of a Bill Nye episode. i love it haha
Larry From Wisconsin
Larry From Wisconsin Prieš 2 mėnesius
I rode through Canada doing an Ironbutt around the Great Lakes marathon. Moose kept me awake. There is nothing more exciting than seeing moose antlers moving toward the highway in front of you. Screech the brakes. Then ride on until the next moose sighting.
MattMan Prieš 2 mėnesius
I love my quiet factory muffler, ear muff helmet, no tunes, no ear plugs, phone in my pocket. Not being noise deaf after a 3 hundred mile loop is an amazing feeling. You don't have to be noisy to be fast or cool, loud mufflers are stupid. And enter all the loud pipe saves lives people. 🤣
timsmotorcyclediary Prieš 2 mėnesius
When planning long trips on group rides, we always have bail-out points. If riders start feeling tired, at certain points there are bail-out routes where they can head straight to the hotel. On long days involving a lot of hours in the saddle, we take more frequent breaks in the afternoon, usually every hour regardless of distance travelled. Finally, an energy drink in the mid to late afternoon like a Red Bull is effective in maintaining alertness.
Tempting Fate
Tempting Fate Prieš 2 mėnesius
Perhaps am episode about how some tires are causing problems on the new concrete roadways being built in the USA and maybe Canada. The use of concrete grooved pavement is causing some bikes to have a front end wobble. Some say the type of tire and center striping is to blame? As more governments begin using grooved concrete to avoid potholes from asphalt, how should we adjust our tire choices or not?
Freddie Travels
Freddie Travels Prieš 2 mėnesius
If a bike is that big and boring to ride... Don't buy it
john hanrahan
john hanrahan Prieš 2 mėnesius
Everyone has there own opinions, goals and time frames. As for me, my riding philosophy is "Riding is something to be enjoyed, not endured". If I don't have the time to go at my own pace to do what I want to do, I'm not doing it. It's about the ride, not the destination. IBC stuff is different, with a different gal and mindset. 'Hats off' to those guys, but I'll not be doing any of that.
Hainero2001 Prieš 2 mėnesius
My mind blocks out rap. I hate that kind of music. If you can even call it music.
Tohunga Uwishin
Tohunga Uwishin Prieš 2 mėnesius
i've taken plenty of naps while riding and never crashed my 250cc scooter.. well not while napping.
Gabriel R.D.
Gabriel R.D. Prieš 2 mėnesius
The BEST way to avoid freeway hypnosis is to avoid freeways!....There is zero joy in the monotony of long straight freeways, instead I take the backyest back roads I can find and if I'm not getting lost every few hours then I'm probably not getting the most out of the journey. The tin tops can have the freeways, for me it's at least as much about the journey as it is about the destination.... If I have a pressing need to actually get somewhere far away I'll fly there.
Ray Michael Panther74
Ray Michael Panther74 Prieš 2 mėnesius
Ride ride ride and ride a few hours every day ....... until you get that “One with your machine” thing ....... But always ride defensively and never trust cars and trucks ......
Barry Kery
Barry Kery Prieš 2 mėnesius
Fatigue? Yup, been there. But I am well aware of getting fatigue. I always pull over, find a place to sit down for at least 15 to 30 minutes, eat a Cliff Bar and drink some cold water. My problem is eat plugs. I wore them one time and it blocked out too much of what was going on around me and that I did not like. I even tried plain old cotton, still not good. I know how very important eat protection is so now I'll have to address it. All good tips. Great video, thanks for posting it. Barry G. Kery
J.Berejik Prieš 2 mėnesius
WAIT! 900 of 3500 riders CRASHED??!! Why are full 25% of these riders thrashing pavement? That doesn't make any sense.
Nigel Dsouza
Nigel Dsouza Prieš 3 mėnesius
Tip for staying awake : SLEEP!
chybagus Prieš 3 mėnesius
Been riding 40 years and still learned something new today.
3360274 Prieš 3 mėnesius
I found that a piece of hard candy helps perk me up. Especially in hot weather.
IfoundJohnGault Prieš 3 mėnesius
Good pointers - I have had fatigue problems in LD biking and if all else fails, pull over somewhere and sleep for 20 min. Works every time.
Shantanu Gadgil
Shantanu Gadgil Prieš 3 mėnesius
K-Pop ... 😂😂😂😂😂
Bertie Die steirische Eichel
Bertie Die steirische Eichel Prieš 3 mėnesius
Try to stand up on most Harleys...good luck
mac243877 Prieš 3 mėnesius
Your Harley everything’s lol ... funny bit I like harleys
Fred Hoyle
Fred Hoyle Prieš 3 mėnesius
Ayyy University of Sussex, I literally live right next to it
bunhead8 Prieš 3 mėnesius
I fell asleep on my bike once and woke up in the oncoming lane of traffic...luckily there was none. so now if I feel remotely drowsey I pull over and lie down...so if you see a R1200gs parked with a rider lying down on the side of the road, don't worry, just catching some z'ssss...
bunhead8 Prieš 3 mėnesius
Ryan: here is a tip for you - if you never leave your helmet on the seat, if will never fall off!. love the vids, keep 'em coming.
Jim Bonanno
Jim Bonanno Prieš 3 mėnesius
Definitely helps when the Speaker is just brilliant at what he does. These videos are put together so well and flow perfect. I can only imagine how many takes to get them so on point. This one definitely fit the bill for me, because I have a touring motorcycle and have taken some long Hauls. Kudos!
invisiblekid69 Prieš 3 mėnesius
These bikes are mostly driven by the aged biker too... wonder how much of a factor that plays. These videos truly are a pleasure to watch 🙏🏻 thanks
graeme duncan
graeme duncan Prieš 3 mėnesius
fun, informative and eminently watchable videos ... absolute class, fort nine! 🙌
David Giles
David Giles Prieš 4 mėnesius
I do long distances on my 07 Goldwing. I'm on the road at or before 0700 and usually off the road between 1500 and 1600. I do get a little bleary eyed around 1400 depending on the size of my lunch. A coffee break is mandatory. usually a starbucks "doubleshot". I guess any form of caffine will do, but that's my go to jolt of the day.
yaksauce Prieš 4 mėnesius
Won my vote for honorary doctorate in motorpsycleology my good fellow. Namaste, the world is your oyster 🦪, don’t swallow the pearl!
Nico Huertas
Nico Huertas Prieš 4 mėnesius
The quality of these videos is getting out of hand. Keep it going!
Raizo Popo
Raizo Popo Prieš 4 mėnesius
What the bike on tumbsnail was?
FortNine Prieš 4 mėnesius
ltpost.info/down/m56kgXjLsJOzzX0/vaizdo-ra-as.html ~RF9
Borat Prieš 4 mėnesius
Or watching Pawn stars. We all know what you’re talking about. Or I am just dirty minded :/
Liberty4Ever Prieš 4 mėnesius
Great tips. Human factors are important and often overlooked. My tip for maintaining attention is avoiding superslab and riding on scenic back roads. Bonus: maximal enjoyment.
Car Jac
Car Jac Prieš 4 mėnesius
*"but the piercing frequencies, high rpms, rapid turbulence, k-pop, that's more damaging"* Lmao, had me dying 😂🤣
cali WRAPS
cali WRAPS Prieš 4 mėnesius
I get bored so easy.. I stop every hundred miles or so. . LOL
extrameatsammich Prieš 4 mėnesius
k-pop is damaging to more than just your hearing.
Austin Buring
Austin Buring Prieš 4 mėnesius
Would you recommend any stretches for people that ride forward or more forward mid control cruisers? Standing up on my cruiser is really weird
Adri Mas Mola
Adri Mas Mola Prieš 4 mėnesius
“Or watching p*rnstars” Dude, thats a 24/7 job.
paul manners
paul manners Prieš 4 mėnesius
the best way to do long distance touring is have a van with a ramp and stick the bike inside for the boring bits and bring it out for the good bits thats what i do all over the eu.. paul
Dcxplant Prieš 4 mėnesius
Window of circadian low's for humans is between 2am and 6 am. Most people feel the effects most severely between 3am and 5am, especially in the hour before dawn. There is a secondary window of circadian low from 2p to 6pm that is less promenent. The secondary WOCL in the afternoon is why so many people hit Starbucks at 3p-4p to get them through the day. Pilots have to manage their sleep patterns and mitigate WOCL loss of performance daily. If you want to dive deep: www.faa.gov/documentLibrary/media/Advisory_Circular/AC%20120-100.pdf The biggest factor to survive, is if you are tired, take a nap. If you have to resort to music, and cold air to stay awake, you are fatigued and in the danger zone. Pull over and nap. 20 minute naps are proven to be the best if you can't get a full 8 hour rest. Any longer a nap than 20 minutes causes sleep inertia where the person feels and is groggier than prior to the nap. If a :20 minute nap does not get you to your planned destination, it's time to get off the bike and get a proper sleep.
gerardo garza
gerardo garza Prieš 4 mėnesius
I've been on plenty of road trips and the number one tip is to not close your eyes (ofc except for blinking)
shaggy Prieš 4 mėnesius
I have my own way to deal with it. It's called listening to the engine. I don't ride off revs or speed on the clock, I do a mathematical equation in my head of how many revs does it sound like I'm doing, what gear am I in, what sort of terrain am I on and is there a hill. 30mph for my versys 650 on a flat is 3rd gear 3,500rpm, I can figure out the RPM quite easy and figure out the gear I'm in easy to, I normally do alright at it.
Badhagis Prieš 4 mėnesius
Another outstanding vid...Great job!!
Bill Frater
Bill Frater Prieš 5 mėnesių
Love this bloke, great shows !!!
Baltuc Prieš 5 mėnesių
Did a weekend Ride 2 months ago. 2300km in 36hours (ironbutt 1000miles included) Sv1000s (2006)
Variable Valves are Bad for the BMW R1250GS - Review
Motorcycle Comfort Mods: Luxury Long Distance
What I Pack For A Motorcycle Trip
FTA Adventures
Peržiūros 91tūkst.
5 Life-Saving Habits for Motorcycle Riders
Motorcycling Across America (US) - EP1 - NY to WA
Jake Bolles
Peržiūros 590tūkst.
Three Mistakes Every Motorcyclist Makes
Peržiūros 1,5mln
Motorcycle Airbags Exist - But No One Uses Them?
Mods & Methods to Increase Fuel Economy
Peržiūros 656tūkst.
The Smallest Adventure - KTM 390 Adventure Review
Aurimas Valujavičius
Peržiūros 74tūkst.
Test Driving my Next Hypercar.
Peržiūros 838tūkst.
Г@ВНО за 95.000 ЕВРО: ремонт MAN на ходу!
Категория Е
Peržiūros 431tūkst.
Состояние кузова Mercedes G-Class за 500к.
Яковлев Миша
Peržiūros 502tūkst.